MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery 

MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is also described as BMBS, which is an abbreviation of the Latin word, Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS is an undergraduate degree programme in the field of Medicine and Surgery. MBBS is probably one of the topmost degrees in the world and therefore by profession, after completing an MBBS from top medical colleges, an individual is officially transformed into a medical professional.

Know more about the MBBS course, candidates can look at some of the key points of the MBBS course in the table given below:

ParticularsMBBS Course Details
Course NameMBBS
MBBS Full FormBachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
Course LevelUndergraduate
Course TypeFull Time
MBBS Course Duration 5 years
MBBS Admission ProcessNEET 
MBBS Course FeesINR 25,000 to INR 1.15 crore
MBBS Entrance ExamNEET
Top MBBS CollegesAIIMS Delhi, Christian Medical College Vellore, Banaras Hindu University, JIPMER Puducherry, etc.
Job ProfilesMedical Surgeon, Medical officers, Paediatrician, General Physician, Medical Assistant (Surgery), etc.
Average SalaryINR 2.5 LPA – INR 15 LPA 
Top MBBS SpecialisationsMedicine, General Surgery, Cardiology, Neurology, Paediatrics , Oncology, Nephrology, etc.

What is MBBS?

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.

An MBBS course is an undergraduate medical degree awarded to students who have completed their training in the field of medicine and surgery. The MBBS degree is recognized in many countries as the standard qualification for medical doctors and physicians.

MBBS is the dream career choice for students across India. Over 18 lakh candidates aspire to pursue an MBBS course as per the latest data. The MBBS is a professional degree required to practise Medicine, diagnose ailments, give medication, and perform surgery. There are approximately 1,06,948 MBBS seats available, with 55,468 (52%) being government seats and 50,689 (48%) being private seats.

To be eligible for the NEET, students must have passed their Class 12 in the PCB stream (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) and be over the age of 17. 

Why Study MBBS?

  • Helping Others: A fundamental reason many people choose to become doctors is the opportunity to make a positive impact on people’s lives. Medical professionals have the ability to diagnose, treat, and prevent illnesses, improving the health and well-being of patients.
  • Job Stability and Demand: The healthcare industry has a consistently high demand for medical professionals. As the global population continues to grow and age, the need for healthcare services, including doctors, remains strong.
  • Respected Profession: Being a doctor is widely respected in society. Doctors are considered experts in their field and play a crucial role in saving lives and maintaining public health.
  • Diverse Specializations: The field of medicine offers a wide range of specializations to choose from, including Surgery, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radiology, Cardiology, Dermatology, and more. 
  • Intellectual Challenge: Medicine is a dynamic field that requires critical thinking, problem-solving, and continuous learning. The challenges and complexities involved in diagnosing and treating patients can be intellectually stimulating.
  • Financial Rewards: Medicine is often associated with solid earning potential. While the cost of medical education can be significant, the potential for financial stability and a rewarding income over the long term can be appealing.
  • The healthcare industry stands as one of the most fulfilling professional domains in India. Medical practitioners, surgeons, and specialists typically receive an annual income ranging from INR 10 to INR 12 LPA.
  • Healthcare managers, on the other hand, earn an average salary of INR 6. 9 LPA in India. However, those possessing the requisite expertise and years of experience can see their earnings reach as high as INR 13 LPA.

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates need to fulfil the following eligibility criteria in order to qualify for studying MBBS subjects.  

    • The minimum mark criterion may vary, but overall applicants must have received at least 50% in the intermediate test. 
    • Applicants must pass NEET in order to be admitted to the MBBS programme. The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers the National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test (NEET) which is India’s sole entrance exam for admission to medical programmes. The exam is given once a year in an offline format and duration of exam is three hours and twenty minutes.
    • Applicants must have completed at least Class 12 with the required disciplines of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology
    • The minimum percentage for candidates to be considered for the reserved category is 40%.

    Note: In the absence of an official update, merit-based eligibility has been mentioned for all the courses and may vary. 

MBBS Entrance Exam 2024

  • The MBBS admission process takes place in two stages. To get admission to the MBBS course in India, a student needs to appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). In fact, this is the only entrance test to get admission to the MBBS course and is accepted by both government and private institutions.

    Candidates who meet the NEET cutoff will qualify to participate in the counselling process, which is conducted in two types. The national-level counselling for MBBS is conducted by the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) for the 15 per cent All India Quota (AIQ) seats. The State Medical Admission Authorities conduct counselling for 85 per cent of State Quota seats.

    MBBS Exam Preparation

    Preparing for the MBBS in India requires thorough planning, dedication, and a well-structured study approach. MBBS is a highly competitive medical entrance exam that assesses your knowledge in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

    Here are some steps and tips to help you prepare effectively for MBBS:

    • Understand the Exam Pattern: Familiarize yourself with the NEET exam pattern, which includes multiple-choice questions (MCQs) from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany and Zoology). 
    • Create a Study Schedule: Develop a well-structured study timetable that covers all the subjects and topics within a realistic timeframe. 
    • Start with Basics: Build a strong foundation before moving on to more advanced topics.
    • Practice Regularly: Solve a variety of practice questions, sample papers, and previous years’ question papers to get accustomed to the exam format and improve your problem-solving skills.
    • Take Mock Tests: Take full-length NEET mock tests regularly to simulate exam conditions. 

Books Recommended for MBBS

  • NEET is a highly competitive medical entrance exam in India. To prepare effectively for NEET, candidates will need comprehensive study materials and reference books that cover the subjects tested in the exam, including Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

    Here are some important reference books commonly recommended for NEET preparation:

Concepts of Physics (Volumes 1 and 2)H.C. Verma A highly regarded book for building a strong foundation in Physics concepts
NCERT Chemistry (Class 11 and 12)NCERT textbooks are essential, as NEET questions are often based on NCERT content
Physical ChemistryO.P. TandonA useful book for building a strong foundation in physical chemistry
BiologyTruemanA helpful resource for in-depth biology concepts
Objective BiologyDineshGood for practice questions and objective-type problems

MBBS Syllabus

In the MBBS syllabus, aspiring doctors not only learn about everything in and around the medical and healthcare industry, but they also learn ethical practices and get to intern with hospitals and volunteer projects.

Check the table below for MBBS subjects:

Semester 1
Introduction to Embryology and HistologyIntroduction to Molecular Medicine
Semester 2
Neuroscience I (Peripheral System)Respiratory System
Semester 3
General PathologyEnvironment Pathology
Semester 4
Systematic PathologyAlimentary System 
Semester 5
Special Pathology Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia 
Semester 6
Epidemiology of communicable diseases Reproductive and child health 
Semester 7
Infectious Diseases Diseases of the immune system
Semester 8
Endocrine DiseaseBrain Death
Semester 9
Nervous SystemEnvironmental Disorders


Through MBBS, the university seeks to equip all MBBS students with a modern, growth-driven education. A Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree qualify graduates for the health industry.

There is a big demand for medical practitioners throughout India because there are fewer work options in the marketplace and the number of doctors is considerably more than it is. 

OphthalmologyOphthalmology is a medical surgical discipline concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of eye problems.
OrthopedicsOrthopaedic surgery, sometimes known as orthopaedics, is the discipline of surgery concerned with musculoskeletal problems.
AnaesthesiologyThe medical speciality of anesthesiology, sometimes known as anaesthesiology or anaesthesia, is concerned with the whole perioperative treatment of patients before, during, and after surgery.
DermatologyDermatology is the branch of medicine that deals with skin problems.
PsychiatryPsychiatry is a medical speciality concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental illnesses.
General MedicineGeneral medicine treats and manages a wide range of long-term ailments, such as diabetes and respiratory disorders, as well as shorter-term health issues, such as skin conditions.
General SurgeryThe branch of surgery that deals with the most common surgical treatments. General surgeons specialise in the treatment of disorders of the belly, breast, head and neck, blood vessels, and digestive tract.
Obstetrics & GynaecologyObstetrics and Gynaecology is the medical speciality that comprises both obstetrics and gynaecology.
ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)Otorhinolaryngology is a surgical specialisation of medicine that deals with the surgical and medicinal care of head and neck diseases.
PaediatricsPaediatrics is the medical speciality concerned with the medical care of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.

MBBS Average Salary

There is a plethora of career opportunities after completing MBBS. Considered to be one of the noblest professions, medical practitioner, or doctor tops the list of careers after MBBS. 

The following job profiles discuss popular career options or specialisations to opt for after completing an MBBS degree.

Job ProfileDescriptionAverage Salary (in INR)
Medical SurgeonA surgeon is in charge of a wide range of activities, such as operating on patients in the case of illness, accident, or disease, executing various surgical operations on the human body, carrying out particular procedures, and much more.15 LPA
Medical officersThey are the senior physicians who handle the entire patient care process in all the departments.10.6 LPA
Paediatrician A medical practitioner who specialises in the treatment of illnesses in children and examines their general growth and development.12 LPA
General PhysicianA physician treats illnesses at primary stages, and if, after diagnosis, the disease is found to be in a critical stage, the patient is referred to a relevant medical practitioner.7.2 LPA
Medical Assistant (Surgery)Starting a career as a medical assistant in an MBBS specialisation2.5 LPA