Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery

The Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS) is an undergraduate degree program that integrates traditional Unani medicine practices with modern medical knowledge. Unani medicine, rooted in ancient Greek and Islamic traditions, focuses on holistic healing, balancing bodily humors, and utilizing natural remedies. This comprehensive program equips students with the skills to diagnose, treat, and prevent various diseases using Unani principles, herbs, and therapeutic techniques.

Course Duration

The BUMS program typically spans a duration of five and a half years, including a one-year internship. The coursework covers foundational sciences, applied Unani medicine, clinical training, and specialized studies, providing a well-rounded education in traditional healing practices.

Eligibility & Admission

Candidates seeking admission to the BUMS program should have completed their 10+2 education with a background in science, preferably with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Some institutions may also consider a minimum qualifying score in national or state-level entrance exams. Admissions are competitive, and candidates are selected based on merit and performance in entrance exams, interviews, or counseling sessions.


During the course, students have the opportunity to specialize in various branches of Unani medicine, such as:

  1. Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology): Focuses on the study of medicinal substances, their properties, and therapeutic uses.
  2. Ilmul Jarahiyat (Surgery): Specializes in surgical procedures and techniques in accordance with Unani principles.
  3. Ilmul Qabalat wa Amraze Niswan (Gynecology and Obstetrics): Concentrates on women’s health and related medical conditions.
  4. Ilmul Samoom (Toxicology): Explores the effects of toxins on the body and methods of prevention and treatment.
  5. Ilmul Atfal (Pediatrics): Specializes in the healthcare of infants and children.

Career & Jobs

Upon completion of the BUMS program, graduates can pursue diverse career paths, including:

  1. Unani Practitioner: Establishing private clinics or joining existing healthcare facilities to provide traditional Unani medical services.
  2. Academician/Researcher: Contributing to the field through teaching and research in educational institutions or research organizations.
  3. Government Healthcare Services: Working in government hospitals or dispensaries as Unani medical officers.
  4. Health Administration: Managing and administering Unani healthcare facilities and programs.
  5. Pharmaceutical Industry: Contributing to the development, production, and quality control of Unani medicines in the pharmaceutical sector.


The salary for BUMS graduates can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, and the nature of employment. In the initial stages, Unani practitioners may earn a modest income, which tends to increase with experience and reputation. Government positions often offer competitive salary packages, while those in private practice may earn based on the patient load and the success of their clinic. The pharmaceutical industry also provides opportunities for competitive remuneration, especially in research and development roles.

In conclusion, the BUMS program opens up a range of professional opportunities for individuals passionate about traditional healing practices. With a holistic approach to healthcare, graduates can contribute to the well-being of communities and bridge the gap between ancient wisdom and modern medicine.